Mathematical Modelling of Structures, Solids and Fluids
http://hdl.handle.net/2160/2918
2018-03-18T13:49:59ZA computational study of some rheological influences on the "splashing experiment"
http://hdl.handle.net/2160/43292
A computational study of some rheological influences on the "splashing experiment"
Tome, M. F.; McKee, S.; Walters, Ken
In various attempts to relate the behaviour of highly-elastic liquids in complex flows to their rheometrical behaviour, obvious candidates for study have been the variation of shear viscosity with shear rate, the two normal stress differences N(1) and N(2), especially N(1), the extensional viscosity, and the dynamic moduli G' and G ''. In this paper, we shall confine attention to 'constant-viscosity' Boger fluids, and, accordingly, we shall limit attention to N(1), eta(E), G' and G ''. We shall concentrate on the "splashing" problem (particularly that which arises when a liquid drop falls onto the free surface of the same liquid). Modern numerical techniques are employed to provide the theoretical predictions. We show that high eta(E) can certainly reduce the height of the so-called Worthington jet, thus confirming earlier suggestions, but other rheometrical influences (steady and transient) can also have a role to play and the overall picture may not be as clear as it was once envisaged. We argue that this is due in the main to the fact that splashing is a manifestly unsteady flow. To confirm this proposition, we obtain numerical simulations for the linear Jeffreys model. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
2010-10-01T00:00:00ZAnalysis of a model for foam improved oil recovery
http://hdl.handle.net/2160/14173
Analysis of a model for foam improved oil recovery
Grassia, P.; Mas-Hernández, E.; Shokri, N.; Cox, S. J.; Mishuris, G.; Rossen, W. R.
During improved oil recovery (IOR), gas may be introduced into a porous reservoir filled with surfactant solution in order to form foam. A model for the evolution of the resulting foam front known as ` pressure-driven growth'is analysed. An asymptotic solution of this model for long times is derived that shows that foam can propagate indefinitely into the reservoir without gravity override. Moreover, `pressure-driven growth' is shown to correspond to a special case of the more general `viscous froth' model. In particular, it is a singular limit of the viscous froth, corresponding to the elimination of a surface tension term, permitting sharp corners and kinks in the predicted shape of the front. Sharp corners tend to develop from concave regions of the front. The principal solution of interest has a convex front, however, so that although this solution itself has no sharp corners (except for some kinks that develop spuriously owing to errors in a numerical scheme), it is found nevertheless to exhibit milder singularities in front curvature, as the long-time asymptotic analytical solution makes clear. Numerical schemes for the evolving front shape which perform robustly (avoiding the development of spurious kinks) are also developed. Generalisations of this solution to geologically heterogeneous reservoirs should exhibit concavities and/or sharp corner singularities as an inherent part of their evolution: propagation of fronts containing such `inherent'singularities can be readily incorporated into these numerical schemes.
Grassia, P., Mas-Hernández, E., Shokri, N., Cox, S. J., Mishuris, G., Rossen, W. R. (2014). Analysis of a model for foam improved oil recovery. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 751, 346-405
2014-07-01T00:00:00ZStatistical mechanics of two-dimensional shuffled foams: Geometry-topology correlation in small or large disorder limits
http://hdl.handle.net/2160/14130
Statistical mechanics of two-dimensional shuffled foams: Geometry-topology correlation in small or large disorder limits
Durand, Marc; Kraynik, Andrew M.; Van Swol, Frank; Käfer, Jos; Quilliet, Catherine; Cox, Simon; Ataei Talebi, Shirin; Graner, François
Bubble monolayers are model systems for experiments and simulations of two-dimensional packing problems of deformable objects. We explore the relation between the distributions of the number of bubble sides (topology) and the bubble areas (geometry) in the low liquid fraction limit. We use a statistical model [M. Durand, Europhys. Lett. 90, 60002 (2010)EULEEJ0295-507510.1209/0295- 5075/90/60002] which takes into account Plateau laws. We predict the correlation between geometrical disorder (bubble size dispersity) and topological disorder (width of bubble side number distribution) over an extended range of bubble size dispersities. Extensive data sets arising from shuffled foam experiments, surface evolver simulations, and cellular Potts model simulations all collapse surprisingly well and coincide with the model predictions, even at extremely high size dispersity. At moderate size dispersity, we recover our earlier approximate predictions [M. Durand, J. Kafer, C. Quilliet, S. Cox, S. A. Talebi, and F. Graner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 168304 (2011)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/ PhysRevLett.107.168304]. At extremely low dispersity, when approaching the perfectly regular honeycomb pattern, we study how both geometrical and topological disorders vanish. We identify a crystallization mechanism and explore it quantitatively in the case of bidisperse foams. Due to the deformability of the bubbles, foams can crystallize over a larger range of size dispersities than hard disks. The model predicts that the crystallization transition occurs when the ratio of largest to smallest bubble radii is 1.4.
Durand, M., Kraynik, A. M., Van Swol, F., Käfer, J., Quilliet, C., Cox, S., Talebi, S. A., Graner, F. (2014). Statistical mechanics of two-dimensional shuffled foams: Geometry-topology correlation in small or large disorder limits. Physical Review E, 89(6), [062309]
2014-06-19T00:00:00ZExact solution to a refined contact problem for biphasic cartilage layers
http://hdl.handle.net/2160/11052
Exact solution to a refined contact problem for biphasic cartilage layers
Argatov, Ivan; Mishuris, Gennady
Nithiarasu, P; Lohner, R; van Loon, R
We revisit the axisymmetric contact problem for a biphasic cartilage layer and consider a refined formulation taking into account the both normal and tangential displacements at the contact interface. The obtained analytical solution is valid for arbitrary time and increasing loading conditions. We compare it with the classic result and indicate cases where the difference could be pronounced.
Mishuris, G; Argatov I. Exact solution to a refined contact problem for biphasic cartilage layers. In proceedings of First International Conference on Computational and Mathematical Biomedical Engineering (CMBE09), Eds. P. Nithiarasu, R. Lohner, R. van Loon, ISBN:978-0-9562914-0-0 Swansea, Swansea, June 2009, pages 151 - 154.
2009-06-01T00:00:00Z