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dc.contributor.author Glasser, Neil F.
dc.contributor.author Hambrey, Michael J.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-11T09:55:52Z
dc.date.available 2008-12-11T09:55:52Z
dc.date.issued 2001
dc.identifier.citation Glasser , N F & Hambrey , M J 2001 , ' Styles of sedimentation beneath Svalbard valley glaciers under changing dynamic and thermal regimes ' Journal of the Geological Society , vol 158 , pp. 697-707 . , 10.1144/jgs.158.4.697 en
dc.identifier.issn 0016-7649
dc.identifier.other PURE: 94345
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/1511
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/1511
dc.identifier.uri http://jgs.lyellcollection.org/cgi/content/abstract/158/4/697 en
dc.description Glasser, Neil; Hambrey, M.J., (2001) 'Styles of sedimentation beneath Svalbard valley glaciers under changing dynamic and thermal regimes', Journal of Geological Society, London 158(4) pp.697-707 RAE2008 en
dc.description.abstract Glacier beds provide crucial information concerning past and present ice dynamics and thermal regime. In this paper we present structural and sedimentological data from four valley glaciers (Austre Lovénbreen, Midtre Lovénbreen, Vestre Lovénbreen and Austre Brøggerbreen) on Brøggerhalvøya, NW Spitsbergen. The main focus of this paper is Midtre and Austre Lovénbreen, two typical High-Arctic land-based polythermal valley glaciers; the former has a long record of documentation regarding its response to twentieth century climatic warming. Structural mapping on the glacier surface and analysis of sediments in the proglacial area of Midtre Lovénbreen indicate that the dynamic regime and thermal structure of the glacier have changed through time. Dynamically, Midtre Lovénbreen was once heavily crevassed and relatively fast moving, but now is virtually crevasse-free and slow moving. The sedimentary record indicates that extensive areas of this glacier were wet-based when it was in a more advanced state, probably at its Neoglacial maximum (late nineteenth/early twentieth centuries). During this advance, a thin deforming layer of diamicton, commonly fluted, was draped over the existing morphology in the presently exposed proglacial area. This morphology consisted of large streamlined ridges aligned parallel to ice flow. Erosion of the underlying bedrock appears to have been limited. Radio-echo soundings of the glacier show that, at present, it is characterized by a polythermal basal thermal regime, with wet-based subglacial conditions only beneath its thicker parts. Modification of the bed is limited under this thermal regime and, as a result, the supraglacial environment dominates modern sedimentation. Comparative studies on Austre Lovénbreen, which also is probably polythermal, indicate similar sedimentary characteristics and facies associations, although here there are much more extensive areas of striated bedrock indicative of former basal sliding. In contrast both Austre Brøggerbreen and, by analogy, Vestre Lovénbreen are known to be predominantly cold-based. Collectively, these four glaciers suggest a trend of glacier recession and thinning accompanied by a change in thermal regime from predominantly wet-based, through partly frozen, to completely frozen. This study suggests that Svalbard valley glaciers have several dynamic modes and that glaciers switch between these modes largely as a reaction to changes in mass balance. en
dc.format.extent 11 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of the Geological Society en
dc.title Styles of sedimentation beneath Svalbard valley glaciers under changing dynamic and thermal regimes en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/jgs.158.4.697
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Centre for Glaciology en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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