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dc.contributor.author Crowther, John
dc.contributor.author Aitken, M.
dc.contributor.author Dickson, I.
dc.contributor.author Kay, David
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-16T10:30:01Z
dc.date.available 2008-12-16T10:30:01Z
dc.date.issued 2007-05
dc.identifier.citation Crowther , J , Aitken , M , Dickson , I & Kay , D 2007 , ' Reducing fluxes of faecal indicator compliance parameters to bathing waters from diffuse agricultural sources: The Brighouse Bay study, Scotland ' Environmental Pollution , vol 147 , no. 1 , pp. 139-149 . , 10.1016/j.envpol.2006.08.019 en
dc.identifier.issn 0269-7491
dc.identifier.other PURE: 96210
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/1685
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/1685
dc.description Kay, David, Aitken, M., Crowther, J., Dickson, I., (2007) 'Reducing fluxes of faecal indicator compliance parameters to bathing waters from diffuse agricultural sources: The Brighouse Bay study, Scotland', Environmental Pollution 147(1) pp.139-149 RAE2008 en
dc.description.abstract The European Water Framework Directive requires the integrated management of point and diffuse pollution to achieve ‘good’ water quality in ‘protected areas’. These include bathing waters, which are regulated using faecal indicator organisms as compliance parameters. Thus, for the first time, European regulators are faced with the control of faecal indicator fluxes from agricultural sources where these impact on bathing water compliance locations. Concurrently, reforms to the European Union (EU) Common Agricultural Policy offer scope for supporting on-farm measures producing environmental benefits through the new ‘single farm payments’ and the concept of ‘cross-compliance’. This paper reports the first UK study involving remedial measures, principally stream bank fencing, designed to reduce faecal indicator fluxes at the catchment scale. Considerable reduction in faecal indicator flux was observed, but this was insufficient to ensure bathing water compliance with either Directive 76/160/EEC standards or new health-evidence-based criteria proposed by WHO and the European Commission. en
dc.format.extent 11 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Environmental Pollution en
dc.subject Faecal indicator bacteria en
dc.subject Coliform en
dc.subject Enterococci en
dc.subject Agricultural diffuse pollution en
dc.subject Water Framework Directive en
dc.subject Export coefficient en
dc.subject Bathing water en
dc.title Reducing fluxes of faecal indicator compliance parameters to bathing waters from diffuse agricultural sources: The Brighouse Bay study, Scotland en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2006.08.019
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution River Basin Dynamics and Hydrology en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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