Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert

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dc.contributor.author Grattan, John
dc.contributor.author Abu Karaki, L.
dc.contributor.author Hine, D.
dc.contributor.author Toland, Harry
dc.contributor.author Gilbertson, D.
dc.contributor.author Pyatt, F. Brian
dc.date.accessioned 2006-06-28T11:29:05Z
dc.date.available 2006-06-28T11:29:05Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation Grattan , J , Abu Karaki , L , Hine , D , Toland , H , Gilbertson , D & Pyatt , F B 2005 , ' Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert ' Mineralogical Magazine , vol 69 , no. 5 , pp. 653-666 . , 10.1180/0026461056950277 en
dc.identifier.issn 0026-461X
dc.identifier.other PURE: 68856
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/181
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/181
dc.description Grattan, J.P., Al-Saad, Z., Gilbertson, D.D., Karaki, L.O., Pyatt, F.B 2005 Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert Mineralogical Magazine. 69(5) 653-666. en
dc.description.abstract In this reconnaissance study, skeletal materials from people, dating from ~1500 B.P., who lived by or worked at the ancient copper mines and furnaces of the Wadi Faynan in southern Jordan, were analysed using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) to determine the intensities of accumulation of copper and lead in their bones. Many of the bones analysed contained concentrations of these metals which are comparable to those of modern individuals who are heavily exposed to metals through contemporary industrial processes. Patterns of partitioning throughout the skeleton of a number of individuals were also studied. These AAS data suggest that within the human organism there may be some ability to influence the patterns of accumulation of copper within the skeleton. The humerus was frequently found to contain more copper than other bones studied. Within the humerus itself, the medial epicondyle frequently contained the highest concentrations, which may indicate a significant degree of organization or control of the process. These metal concentration data together with their toxicological consequences suggest that the health of the ancient human populations must have been adversely affected by exposure during life to copper in the environment. They also point to the need for further detailed studies of metal partitioning within the bones of the human skeleton en
dc.format.extent 14 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Mineralogical Magazine en
dc.subject copper mining en
dc.subject smelting en
dc.subject biomineralization en
dc.subject pollution en
dc.subject copper en
dc.subject lead en
dc.subject human skeleton en
dc.subject partitioning en
dc.subject Roman en
dc.subject Byzantine en
dc.subject health en
dc.subject desert en
dc.subject palaeoecology en
dc.subject Jordan en
dc.title Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1180/0026461056950277
dc.contributor.institution Registry en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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