Show simple item record John en_US L. en_US D. en_US Harry en_US D. en_US F. Brian en_US 2006-06-28T11:29:05Z 2006-06-28T11:29:05Z 2005 en_US
dc.identifier en_US
dc.identifier.citation Grattan , J , Abu Karaki , L , Hine , D , Toland , H , Gilbertson , D & Pyatt , F B 2005 , ' Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert ' Mineralogical Magazine , vol 69 , no. 5 , pp. 653-666 . , 10.1180/0026461056950277 en_US
dc.identifier.other PURE: 68856 en_US
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/181 en_US
dc.description.abstract In this reconnaissance study, skeletal materials from people, dating from ~1500 B.P., who lived by or worked at the ancient copper mines and furnaces of the Wadi Faynan in southern Jordan, were analysed using atomic absorption spectrophotometry (AAS) to determine the intensities of accumulation of copper and lead in their bones. Many of the bones analysed contained concentrations of these metals which are comparable to those of modern individuals who are heavily exposed to metals through contemporary industrial processes. Patterns of partitioning throughout the skeleton of a number of individuals were also studied. These AAS data suggest that within the human organism there may be some ability to influence the patterns of accumulation of copper within the skeleton. The humerus was frequently found to contain more copper than other bones studied. Within the humerus itself, the medial epicondyle frequently contained the highest concentrations, which may indicate a significant degree of organization or control of the process. These metal concentration data together with their toxicological consequences suggest that the health of the ancient human populations must have been adversely affected by exposure during life to copper in the environment. They also point to the need for further detailed studies of metal partitioning within the bones of the human skeleton en_US
dc.format.extent 14 en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Mineralogical Magazine en_US
dc.subject copper mining en_US
dc.subject smelting en_US
dc.subject biomineralization en_US
dc.subject pollution en_US
dc.subject copper en_US
dc.subject lead en_US
dc.subject human skeleton en_US
dc.subject partitioning en_US
dc.subject Roman en_US
dc.subject Byzantine en_US
dc.subject health en_US
dc.subject desert en_US
dc.subject palaeoecology en_US
dc.subject Jordan en_US
dc.title Analyses of patterns of copper and lead mineralisation in human skeletons excavated from an ancient mining and smelting centre in the Jordanian desert en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Registry en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Quaternary Environmental Change Group en_US

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