King Solomon's Miners- Starvation and Bioaccumulation? An Environmental Archaeological Investigation in Southern Jordan

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dc.contributor.author Birch, P.
dc.contributor.author Gilbertson, D.
dc.contributor.author Grattan, John
dc.contributor.author Mattingly, David
dc.contributor.author Pyatt, Brian
dc.contributor.author Barker, Graeme
dc.date.accessioned 2006-08-04T10:16:38Z
dc.date.available 2006-08-04T10:16:38Z
dc.date.issued 1999-07
dc.identifier.citation Birch , P , Gilbertson , D , Grattan , J , Mattingly , D , Pyatt , B & Barker , G 1999 , ' King Solomon's Miners- Starvation and Bioaccumulation? An Environmental Archaeological Investigation in Southern Jordan ' Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , vol 43 , no. 3 , pp. 305-308 . en
dc.identifier.issn 0147-6513
dc.identifier.other PURE: 69856
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/214
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/214
dc.description Pyatt, B. Barker, G. Birch, P. Gilbertson, D. Grattan, J. Mattingly, D. King Solomon's Miners - Starvation and Bioaccumulation? An Environmental Archaeological Investigation in Southern Jordan. Ecotoxicology and Environmental safety 43, 305-308 (1999) Environmental Research, Section B en
dc.description.abstract Copper mining and smelting were important activities in various predesert wadis during the Iron Age, Nabatean, Roman, and Byzantine periods in southern Jordan and major spoil tips to gether with slag heaps remain as a legacy of such enterprises. Barley has grown in the area for a prolonged period and currently wild barley plants are affected by toxic cations, which reduce their yields. It is considered that such plants provide an adequate model to assess how similar plants would have performed, in terms of productivity, in the past. The population of miners/slaves, guards, etc., would have been subject to bioac cumulation of heavy metals, which conceivably would have led to detrimental effects on their health. Inhalation and ingestion of particulate pollutants cannot be discounted. It is argued that the population may have been further weakened as a consequence of food shortage, due to reduced plant productivity, as cereals are important foods for both humans and the animals upon which they are dependent. A sizeable mining community could only have been maintained by large-scale importation of food or a massive intensification of agricultural activity. en
dc.format.extent 4 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety en
dc.title King Solomon's Miners- Starvation and Bioaccumulation? An Environmental Archaeological Investigation in Southern Jordan en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/eesa.1999.1795
dc.contributor.institution Registry en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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