Negative versus positive reinforcement: an evaluation of training strategies for rehabilitated horses

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dc.contributor.author Innes, L.
dc.contributor.author McBride, Sebastian D.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-05-21T11:16:18Z
dc.date.available 2009-05-21T11:16:18Z
dc.date.issued 2008-08-01
dc.identifier.citation Innes , L & McBride , S D 2008 , ' Negative versus positive reinforcement: an evaluation of training strategies for rehabilitated horses ' Applied Animal Behaviour Science , vol 112 , no. 3-4 , pp. 357-368 . , 10.1016/j.applanim.2007.08.011 en
dc.identifier.other PURE: 102227
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/2306
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/2306
dc.identifier.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T48-4R05BF1-1-9&_cdi=4968&_user=427455&_orig=search&_coverDate=08%2F31%2F2008&_sk=998879996&view=c&wchp=dGLzVtz-zSkzk&md5=88cb32a13c5f5a68dc45f7c4746dc580&ie=/sdarticle.pdf en
dc.description Innes, L., McBride, S. (2008). Negative versus positive reinforcement: an evaluation of training strategies for rehabilitated horses. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 112, (3-4), pp. 357-368 IMPF: 01.82 RONO: 00 en
dc.description.abstract Rescued equids are often exposed to rehabilitation and training (or retraining) programmes to improve their physical and psychological well-being as well as to facilitate the re-homing process. Training uses either positive or negative reinforcement learning procedures and it is considered here that, there may be welfare implications associated with using the latter technique as it has the potential to overlay acute stress on animals with a chronic stress life history. The aim of this study, therefore, was to compare these training strategies (negative versus positive reinforcement) on equine behaviour and physiology as the first step in establishing an optimal rehabilitation approach (from a welfare perspective) for equids that have been subjected to chronic stress in the form of long-term neglect/cruelty. Over a 7-week period, 16 ponies (aged 6–18 months) were trained using either positive (‘positive’) (n = 8) or negative reinforcement (‘negative’) (n = 8) techniques to lead in hand, stand to be groomed, traverse an obstacle course and load into a trailer. Heart rate was measured (5 s intervals) on days 1 and 4 of each training week, ‘Pre’- (1 h), ‘During’ (0.5 h) and ‘Post’- (1 h) training session. Ethograms (10.00–20.00 h) outside of the training period were also compiled twice weekly. In addition, weekly arena tests (as a measure of reactivity) were also performed 1 week before and during the 7 weeks of training. Results showed significant differences between the two training schedules for some measures during the latter stages of the trial and suggested that animals trained under a positive reinforcement schedule were more motivated to participate in the training sessions and exhibited more exploratory or ‘trial and error’ type behaviours in novel situations/environments. In this context, the incorporation of positive reinforcement schedules within a rehabilitation programme may be of benefit to the animal from a welfare perspective. en
dc.format.extent 12 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Applied Animal Behaviour Science en
dc.subject Horse en
dc.subject Training en
dc.subject Positive reinforcement en
dc.subject Negative reinforcement en
dc.subject Stress en
dc.subject Rehabilitation en
dc.title Negative versus positive reinforcement: an evaluation of training strategies for rehabilitated horses en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2007.08.011
dc.contributor.institution Department of Computer Science en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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