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dc.contributor.author S. en_US
dc.contributor.author D. en_US
dc.contributor.author B. en_US
dc.contributor.author I. en_US
dc.contributor.author B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Christopher J. A. en_US
dc.contributor.author G. en_US
dc.contributor.author R. en_US
dc.contributor.author J. P. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-21T14:51:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-21T14:51:19Z
dc.date.issued 2006-05 en_US
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2005.11.004 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Pollard , S , Willey , D , Fisher , B , Martin , I , Ng , B , Macleod , C J A , Drew , G , Duarte-Davidson , R & Shi , J P 2006 , ' Modeling human exposures to air pollution control (APC) residues released from landfills in England and Wales ' Environment International , vol 32 , no. 4 , pp. 500-509 . , 10.1016/j.envint.2005.11.004 en_US
dc.identifier.other PURE: 112728 en_US
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/2697 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/2697
dc.description.abstract Human exposures to air pollution control (APC) residues released from 6 landfills were modeled and assessed. Following a qualitative risk characterisation, direct and indirect exposures were quantified. Site-specific air dispersion modeling was conducted for PM10, PCDDs/PCDFs, Pb, Cd, As and CrVI concentrations at the closest residential points of exposure for 4 landfill sites accepting, in total, 75% w/w of the APC residues disposed of in 2000–2001 (UK). Inhalation risks, assessed by reference to air quality standards at residential exposure points, were assessed as insignificant. Preliminary modeling suggested that indirect exposures from PCDDs/PCDFs at the 95th percentile level for the site where APC deposition rates were highest could potentially exceed the tolerable daily soil intake (TDSI) but this warrants further study given the model limitations. These results offer an initial screen of the significance of potential risks from APC disposal, which is of value in addressing concerns about the uncertainty of potential risks to human health from bulk APC disposal at strategic locations. en_US
dc.format.extent 10 en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Environment International en_US
dc.title Modeling human exposures to air pollution control (APC) residues released from landfills in England and Wales en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Aberystwyth University en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en_US


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