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dc.contributor.author Lee, Michael R. F.
dc.contributor.author Tweed, John K. S.
dc.contributor.author Dewhurst, Richard J.
dc.contributor.author Scollan, Nigel D.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-08-10T15:43:59Z
dc.date.available 2009-08-10T15:43:59Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08-10
dc.identifier.citation Lee , M R F , Tweed , J K S , Dewhurst , R J & Scollan , N D 2009 , ' Effect of forage: concentrate ratio on ruminal metabolism and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef steers ' Animal Science , pp. 31-40 . en
dc.identifier.other PURE: 119425
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/2821
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/2821
dc.description Lee, M. R. F., Tweed, J. K. S., Dewhurst, R. J., Scollan, N. D. (2006). Effect of forage: concentrate ratio on ruminal metabolism and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef steers. Animal Science, 82, 31-40. en
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of forage in the diet which would maximize duodenal flow of unsaturated fatty acids in beef steers supplemented with linseed oil. A second objective was to determine how diets differing in forage content, but equal in nitrogen (N), energy and lipid supply, would affect the duodenal flow of C18:1 and conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers. Eight Hereford×Friesian steers (533±13·6 kg), prepared with rumen and duodenal cannulae were offered one of four forage:concentrate (F:C) ratios: F80C20; F60C40; F40C60 and F20C80 on a dry-matter (DM) basis. All diets were offered at 0·013 body weight and designed to be isonitrogenous and isoenergetic with total lipid made up to 0·06 DM intake with linseed oil. The experimental design was a replicated incomplete 4×4 Latin square with three periods. Increasing the concentrate component in the diet from 0·20 to 0·60 reduced rumen pH from 6·58 to 6·37 and caused a small but significant shift in volatile fatty acid molar proportions, decreasing the non-glucogenic ratio. Rumen ammonia-nitrogen concentration was also significantly reduced with increasing concentrate, from 156·8 to 101·0 mg N per l on F80C20 and F20C80, respectively. Microbial nitrogen (MN) and the efficiency of microbial protein synthesis was significantly elevated as forage level decreased from 51·6 to 72·4 g/day and 17·2 to 27·3 g MN per kg organic matter apparently digested in the rumen, respectively for F80C20 and F20C80. Intake and duodenal flow of C18:1n-9 and C18:2n-6 were significantly higher with increasing concentrate level in the diet whereas C18:3n-3 intake and flow was not different, averaging 143·6 and 6·37 g/day, respectively. There were no differences in the flows of total C18:1 trans or CLA (47·7 and 1·79 g/day, respectively) across the diets. However, although not significantly different in duodenal flow there were trends (P en
dc.format.extent 10 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Animal Science en
dc.title Effect of forage: concentrate ratio on ruminal metabolism and duodenal flow of fatty acids in beef steers en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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