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dc.contributor.advisor Piscatori, James
dc.contributor.advisor Murden, Simon Idris, Nor Azizan 2009-10-23T14:25:16Z 2009-10-23T14:25:16Z 1997
dc.identifier.citation Idris, Nor Azizan, (1997) 'Malay-Muslim Ethnicity and Civil Society Groups: Linkages and their Impact on Malaysia's International Relations, Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University en
dc.description.abstract This thesis sets out to examine the role and impact of the Malay-Muslim ethnic groups as a part of civil society in Malaysia's foreign policy and international relations and how their transnational linkages help to enhance their image and at the same time bring their agenda to the public's attention. These ethno-religious civil society groups have gained some importance and played an assertive role in the foreign policymaking process of the nation as the consequence of the rapid growth of international communications, which have diminished barriers to the transnational relations of these groups. In examining the impact of these groups, two categories of groups are chosen: first, the Malay- Muslim political parties consist of the United Malay National Organization (UMNO), Parti Islam SeMalaysia (PAS), Parti Rakyat Malaysia (PRM), and Parti Semangat '46 (S'46); and secondly , the dakwah groups consist of Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM), Pertubuhan Kebajikan Islam Malaysia (PERKIM), and Persatuan Kebangsaan Pelajar-Pelajar Islam Malaysia (PKPIM). This study moves away from the state-centric paradigm, which emphasizes the exclusive role played by the states as sovereign, independent, and equal units in contemporary world politics to an appreciation of an increasingly interdependent world. This study thus shows that other political units such as political parties, religious societies, ethnic groups and economic organizations, and, in the case of Malaysia, the Malay-Muslim civil society groups have a direct or indirect impact on the state's foreign policy. This study shows that ethnoreligious based civil society groups can be considered as an emerging force in Malaysia's international relations as the result of their transnational linkages which permit them to exert influence within the state. In embarking on this topic, this study hopes to contribute to a further understanding of the Malay-Muslim civil society groups' role and impact on Malaysia's international relations based on a thematic approach. The two themes highlighted in this study are: (i) Civil society groups of a religious-ethnic character affect foreign policy in a multi-ethnic state; and (ii) The transnational connections of ethno-religious civil society groups enhance the ability of these groups to influence policymaking. Further based on these two themes, the study shows that there is competition between the state and civil society groups and among the groups themselves on various issues that affect Muslims in the Arab- Muslim world, non-Arab Muslim world and in response to Muslim minority issues. The competitive response of the state and civil society groups can be seen in terms of moral and material support for the Muslims of Palestine, the Gulf, Somalia, Bosnia, Afghanistan, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Myanmar, India, and Chechnya. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aberystwyth University en
dc.title Malay-Muslim Ethnicity and Civil Society Groups: Linkages and their Impact on Malaysia's International Relations en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype doctoral thesis en

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