Effects of Instructional and Motivational Self-Talk on the Vertical Jump

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dc.contributor.author Tod, David Adrian
dc.contributor.author Thatcher, Rhys
dc.contributor.author McGuigan, Michael
dc.contributor.author Thatcher, Joanne
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-18T11:51:46Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-18T11:51:46Z
dc.date.issued 2009-01
dc.identifier.citation Tod , D A , Thatcher , R , McGuigan , M & Thatcher , J 2009 , ' Effects of Instructional and Motivational Self-Talk on the Vertical Jump ' Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research , vol 23 , no. 1 , pp. 196-202 . , 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181889203 en
dc.identifier.issn 1533-4287
dc.identifier.other PURE: 142461
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/3864
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/3864
dc.identifier.uri http://ppv.ovid.com/pt/re/ppv/abstract.00124278-200901000-00030.htm en
dc.description The study extended Edwards et al. (2008) by examining self-talk effects in a healthy sample, contributing to an understanding of self-talk mechanisms in untrained individuals. Theoretically, the study also provided data questioning the matching hypothesis and indicating that Wulf?s (2001) attentional focus hypothesis may provide a better explanation to guide practice. Tod, D.A., Thatcher, R., McGuigan, M., Thatcher, J. (2009). Effects of instructional and motivational self-talk on the vertical jump. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), 196-202. en
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of instructional and motivational self-talk on performance and the kinematics of the vertical jump. After completing a 10-minute warm-up on a stationary bike, 12 men (mean 6 SD; 20.8 6 3.0 years, 77.8 6 13.5 kg, 1.78 6 0.07 m) and 12 women (22.1 6 5.8 years, 62.6 6 6.7 kg, 1.65 6 0.05 m) performed 4 vertical jumps, 3 minutes apart, on a force plate set at a 1000-Hz sampling frequency. Before each trial, participants engaged in 1 of 4 counterbalanced interventions, verbalized out loud, which included motivational self-talk, instructional self-talk, neutral self-talk, or no instruction. One-way analysis of variance with repeated measures, followed by paired t-tests with a Bonferroni adjustment, were used to analyze data. Both instructional (0.415 m) and motivational (0.414 m) self-talk led to greater center-of-mass displacement than neutral self-talk (0.403 m, p = 0.001 and 0.003, respectively, alpha set at 0.008). Both instructional (263.9 N.s) and motivational self-talk (261.2 N.s) led to greater impulse than neutral self-talk (254.1 N.s, p = 0.005 and 0.004, respectively, alpha set at 0.025). Both instructional self-talk (582.6..s21 ) and motivational self-talk (592.3..s21 ) led to quicker angular rotation about the knee than neutral self-talk (565.8..s21 , p = 0.001 and 0.018, respectively, alpha set at 0.025). These results may indicate that self-talk leads to greater angular velocity about the knee, thus generating greater impulse and increased jump height a conjecture that needs empirical testing. Self-talk may contribute to improved performance in sports requiring power-based skills. en
dc.format.extent 7 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research en
dc.subject mental preparation en
dc.subject muscular power en
dc.subject sport psychology en
dc.subject performance en
dc.title Effects of Instructional and Motivational Self-Talk on the Vertical Jump en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181889203
dc.contributor.institution Department of Psychology en
dc.contributor.institution Department of Sport & Exercise Science en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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