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dc.contributor.advisor Gunning, Jeroen
dc.contributor.advisor Wheeler, Nicholas J. Toros, Harmonie 2010-03-05T11:38:31Z 2010-03-05T11:38:31Z 2009
dc.identifier.citation Toros, H. (2009) Terrorism, Talking and Transformation, Northern Ireland and Mindanao, PhD thesis, Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University en
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigates whether talking can contribute to the transformation of conflicts characterized by terrorist violence. It begins by questioning the understanding of terrorism put forward by traditional terrorism scholarship and its contention that talking in contexts of terrorism is useless and/or counterproductive. Drawing on Frankfurt School critical theory and in particular its application by the Aberystywth School of critical security studies, it develops a critical theory-based approach to terrorism that overcomes many of the hurdles seen as impeding talking in terrorism contexts. This investigation then examines how dialogical responses to terrorism can be understood and puts forward the concept of talking. Drawing on Pierre Bourdieu’s practical theory, the thesis develops an understanding of talking that overcomes the negotiations-dialogue dichotomy, re-embeds the practice in the daily lives of social actors, and restores the potential for transformation to human interaction. Bourdieu’s theory is then used to develop an understanding of transformation that includes both practice – modus operandi – and that which results from practice – opus operatum. It examines several practices (calculation, the symbolic impact of talking, self-entrapment, persuasion, familiarization/humanization, empathy/sympathy, and trust) through which talking may contribute to the transformation of means as well as personal, relational and structural transformation. This theoretical framework is applied to two case studies: talking from 1988 to 1998 aimed at transforming the conflict in Northern Ireland; and talking from 1996 to 2007 between the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Based on numerous interviews with key actors, documentary analysis and participant observation, the case studies examine how talking contributed to the transformation of these conflicts. The thesis concludes by arguing that although talking must not be seen as a panacea, it cannot be ruled out as a potential response that can contribute to the transformation of conflicts marked by terrorist violence. en
dc.description.sponsorship APRS en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aberystwyth University en
dc.rights The student has requested that this electronic version of the thesis does not include the main body of the work - i.e. the chapters and conclusion. The other sections of the thesis are available as a research resource.
dc.title Terrorism, Talking and Transformation, Northern Ireland and Mindanao en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral
dc.type.publicationtype doctoral thesis en

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