Show simple item record King, Mary E. 2010-04-26T15:07:13Z 2010-04-26T15:07:13Z 1999
dc.identifier.citation King, M. E. (1999) Ideas and Social Mobilization in the Early Palestinian Intifada: Activist Intellectuals and the Construction of Consensus in Nonviolent Resistance. PhD thesis, Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University en
dc.description.abstract The thesis questions accepted premises that emphasize an exclusive role for the state in directing political change and the prevailing wisdom that the intifada was inherently violent. The fundamental question posed is how, despite decades of a Palestinian policy of armed struggle, nonviolent strategies of opposition to Israel's military occupation came to dominate for more than two years in the early Palestinian intifada. The answer is found in the eighteen-year period preceding the start of the December 1987 uprising, in the implementation of a new political consensus constructed through three seminal developments. (1) A Palestinian civil society was created under occupation through civilian movements of social mobilization, led by committees which became the organizational base for the intifada. (2) Activist intellectuals around Arab East Jerusalem questioned monopolistic assumptions of armed struggle by advancing alternative ideas and symbols of political compromise and negotiations, which affected the means for reaching talks with Israel. (3) Knowledge and techniques from movements elsewhere in the world were transmitted in the occupied territories, including the insight that Palestinian cooperation with the occupation was sustaining it. Once the uprising began, the civil society achieved defacto self-governance; activist intellectuals propagated ideas and guided the Unified National Leadership Command; and resistance m ethods drew from tested techniques of other nonviolent struggles and the mostly nonviolent Palestinian resistance of the 1920s and 1930s. The balance of power shifted away from the PLO, to those inside the territories, where nonmilitary leadership networks had for almost two decades been disputing monopolies of power and Truth based on armed struggle and basing their strategies on pluralistic participation in civilian defence. Although some sectors, such as Hamas, resisted the strategy, a critical mass understood the new dialectic of power, and the greatest achievements of the intifada coincided with its most nonviolent phase. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aberystwyth University en
dc.title Ideas and Social Mobilization in the Early Palestinian Intifada: Activist Intellectuals and the Construction of Consensus in Nonviolent Resistance en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype doctoral thesis en

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