Show simple item record McParlin, Geoffrey Edward 2010-04-26T15:15:35Z 2010-04-26T15:15:35Z 1981
dc.identifier.citation McParlin, G. E. (1981) The Herefordshire gentry in county government 1625-1661. PhD thesis, Department of History, Aberystwyth University en
dc.description.abstract The thesis looks at the gentry involved in county government in Herefordshire during the reign of Charles I, then examines the effects of the Civil War and studies the changes in the personnel of the administration during 1646-61. Herefordshire's economy, largely based on agriculture, was restricted by geographical isolation and transportation problems. The county contained a large Catholic minority. Puritanism was less widespread. The administration was controlled by twenty-five or so of the wealthier families. These county gentry were often linked by marriages, and most of their families had medieval roots in the shire. In 1640 they were united against the King over the issues of Ship Money and the Council of Wales. By 1642 they had divided along religious lines, with the majority supporting the King and the established Church against a Puritan minority in the county on the side of Parliament. Herefordshire was mostly under Royalist rule until the close of 1645, when Hereford fell to Parliament's forces. The Presbyterians controlled the local administration during 1646-8. A number of lesser gentry were now taking part in county government, a trend that continued during the 1650s. Presbyterians were removed from the administration in 1649, and a further purge of county government in 1653 consolidated the authority of a radical Puritan minority, backed by troops garrisoned at Hereford. After 1653 a gradual return of Presbyterian county gentry took place in the local administration, although the radicals regained their dominance temporarily after the fall of the Protectorate in 1659. The collapse of Army rule at the end of 1659 led to the Presbyterians seizing control, and they supported the Restoration in 1660. This was followed by a return of Royalists to county government. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aberystwyth University en
dc.title The Herefordshire gentry in county government 1625-1661 en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype doctoral thesis en

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