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dc.contributor.advisor Wheeler, Nicholas Rahman, Babu M. 2010-11-12T09:59:30Z 2010-11-12T09:59:30Z 1998
dc.identifier.citation Rahman, B. M. (1998) 'Constructing humanitarianism: An investigation into Oxfam' s changing humanitarian culture, 1942-1994', PhD Thesis. Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University. en
dc.description.abstract 'Humanitarianism' does not speak for itself. It must be understood from the particular perspective of the individual actors who lay claim to it. This thesis analyses the role of organisational culture in constituting Oxfam' s humanitarian practices. It provides a comparative analysis of the agency's organisational culture during the Cold War and post-Cold War periods. This is done by focusing on the process of normative change which led to the legitimisation of a limited concept of the use of force to defend human rights and humanitarianism. A constructivist analytical framework is applied to a number of historical case studies between 1942 and 1994 to chart the process of normative change in Oxfam's humanitarian culture. The case studies are: Greece during World War Two, Biafra between 1967 and 1970, East Pakistan in 1971, Cambodia in 1979, northern Iraq in 1991, Somalia between 1990 and 1993, and the African Great Lakes region in 1994. The thesis also analyses periods of internal contestation and debate over the legitimacy of cultural rules, and external challenges to Oxfam' s humanitarian activities which have led to cultural developments, and the adoption of new practices. These analyses are set against the background of changing normative contexts in the UK (in terms of charity law) and at an international level (in terms of intemationallaw and state practice ). These contexts are characterised as constraints and enablements on the possibilities for action created by Oxfam's changing humanitarian culture. The thesis bases its empirical analysis on archival documentary research and interviews with current and former Oxfam staff. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aberystwyth University en
dc.title Constructing humanitarianism: An investigation into Oxfam' s changing humanitarian culture, 1942-1994 en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype doctoral thesis en

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