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dc.contributor.author Graham en_US
dc.contributor.author Paul A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mark G. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mariyana en_US
dc.contributor.author Tsvetan en_US
dc.contributor.author Mihail en_US
dc.contributor.author Catherine en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-11-23T15:54:17Z
dc.date.available 2010-11-23T15:54:17Z
dc.date.issued 2009-05-21 en_US
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-009-0090-0 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Bird , G , Brewer , P A , Macklin , M G , Nikolova , M , Kotsev , T , Mollov , M & Swain , C 2009 , ' Dispersal of Contaminant Metals in the Mining-Affected Danube and Maritsa Drainage Basins, Bulgaria, Eastern Europe ' Water Air and Soil Pollution , vol 206 , no. 1-4 , pp. 105-127 . , 10.1007/s11270-009-0090-0 en_US
dc.identifier.other PURE: 153908 en_US
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/5934 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/5934
dc.description.abstract Metal dispersal in the Danube and Maritsa drainage basins resulting from metal mining activities in Bulgaria has been assessed through the collection of 611 samples of river water, river channel and floodplain sediment, and mine waste from over 218 sites. Concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in river water were found to be highest in close proximity to locations of Cu and Pb–Zn mining regions in the Maritsa catchment. Downstream dispersal of solute metals in these catchments, and into the River Danube, was found to be limited by physical dilution and a well-buffered pH environment. Dispersal of contaminant metals in channel and floodplain sediment was found to be extensive. Contamination was particularly severe in the Rivers Timok and Iskar (Danube catchment) and the Topolnitsa, Chepelarska, and Arda Rivers (Maritsa catchment) and creates the potential of transboundary dispersal of contaminant metals. en_US
dc.format.extent 23 en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Water Air and Soil Pollution en_US
dc.title Dispersal of Contaminant Metals in the Mining-Affected Danube and Maritsa Drainage Basins, Bulgaria, Eastern Europe en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en_US
dc.contributor.pbl River Basin Dynamics and Hydrology en_US


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