A chronology of hurricane landfalls at Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA, using optical dating

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dc.contributor.author Madsen, A. T.
dc.contributor.author Duller, Geoff A. T.
dc.contributor.author Donnelly, J. P.
dc.contributor.author Roberts, Helen M.
dc.contributor.author Wintle, Ann G.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-12-03T15:05:50Z
dc.date.available 2010-12-03T15:05:50Z
dc.date.issued 2009-08
dc.identifier.citation Madsen , A T , Duller , G A T , Donnelly , J P , Roberts , H M & Wintle , A G 2009 , ' A chronology of hurricane landfalls at Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA, using optical dating ' Geomorphology , vol 109 , no. 1-2 , pp. 36-45 . , 10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.08.023 en
dc.identifier.other PURE: 154444
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/5971
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/5971
dc.description Madsen, A.T., Duller, G.A.T., Donnelly, J.P., Roberts, H.M., Wintle, A.G. (2009). A chronology of hurricane landfalls at Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA, using optical dating. Geomorphology, 109 (1-2), 36-45. Sponsorship: National Science Foundation en
dc.description.abstract Optical dating has been applied to sediments preserved in Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA, which are associated with overwashing of the beach barrier during hurricane strikes on the coast. The aims were to determine the hurricane landfall frequency, and make comparisons with independent age control and the historical record. Written sources of hurricane activity along the American east coast are only considered reliable back to the mid 19th century, but the sedimentary record is potentially much longer. Optical dating was applied to quartz grains extracted from thirteen samples within a sediment core from the salt-marsh. Variability in the luminescence characteristics between aliquots was observed and ~ 33% of the measured aliquots were discarded based upon the ratio of the fast component to the medium component. The majority of the samples gave normal dose distributions implying homogeneous resetting of the luminescence signal at the time of deposition, but three of the samples required application of the minimum age model (MAM). Ages ranging between 20 ± 2 and 594 ± 38 years were obtained and are broadly in agreement with independent chronologies, thus demonstrating the potential of optical dating in this setting. The hurricane record based upon optical dating extends approximately 300 years further back in time than the official National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) record. The localised nature of hurricane landfalls means that it will be necessary to collect multiple cores from a number of different sites in order to build up a complete hurricane record for this part of the coast. en
dc.format.extent 10 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Geomorphology en
dc.title A chronology of hurricane landfalls at Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA, using optical dating en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2008.08.023
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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