Equivalent dose distributions from single grains of quartz at Sibudu, South Africa: context, causes and consequences for optical dating of archaeological deposits

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dc.contributor.author Jacobs, Zenobia
dc.contributor.author Wintle, Ann G.
dc.contributor.author Roberts, Richard G.
dc.contributor.author Duller, Geoffrey A. T.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-06T09:56:45Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-06T09:56:45Z
dc.date.issued 2008-07
dc.identifier.citation Jacobs , Z , Wintle , A G , Roberts , R G & Duller , G A T 2008 , ' Equivalent dose distributions from single grains of quartz at Sibudu, South Africa: context, causes and consequences for optical dating of archaeological deposits ' Journal of Archaeological Science , vol 35 , no. 7 , pp. 1808-1820 . en
dc.identifier.issn 0305-4403
dc.identifier.other PURE: 156364
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/6049
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/6049
dc.description Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A. G., Roberts, R. G., Duller, G. A. T. (2008). Equivalent dose distributions from single grains of quartz at Sibudu, South Africa: context, causes and consequences for optical dating of archaeological deposits. Archaeological Science, 35 (7) 1808-1820. Sponsorship: Sir Henry Strakosch Memorial Trust; ARC Discovery Project; NERC Grant en
dc.description.abstract Optical ages for 14 sediment samples collected from the post-Howiesons Poort, late Middle Stone Age (MSA) and final MSA deposits at Sibudu, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa were reported in a companion paper (Jacobs, Z., Wintle, A.G., Duller, G.A.T., Roberts, R.G., Wadley, L. New ages for the post-Howiesons Poort, late and final Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2008). These ages were based on equivalent dose (D-e) distributions that were overdispersed. In this paper, we investigate factors both internal and external to the grains that may contribute to such higher than expected overdispersion in single grain D-e values. Intrinsic factors accounted for some, but not all, of the observed scatter, and application of a set of rejection criteria filtered grains for which erroneous D-e values would otherwise be calculated. We investigated sediment mixing and differences in the beta dose received by individual grains in their burial environment as two likely reasons for the observed overdispersion. The scatter in D-e distributions for all the samples is best explained by grains that were deposited at the same time and which were well bleached, but that subsequently received a range of beta doses. A procedure is presented for adjusting the measured beta dose rate, and its associated error. We show that using a combination of single grain OSL measurements of D-e, the finite mixture model and adjustment of the beta dose rate, result in stratigraphically consistent ages. These ages are more consistent than the ages obtained from multiple grain aliquot D-e values and the average dose rates for each sample; the multiple grain ages are about 10% older, partly because of the variable dose rate and partly because these aliquots contained grains with undesirable OSL characteristics. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 13 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Archaeological Science en
dc.subject STIMULATED LUMINESCENCE en
dc.subject dose distributions en
dc.subject beta dose heterogeneity en
dc.subject CHRONOLOGY en
dc.subject radioactivity en
dc.subject JINMIUM ROCK SHELTER en
dc.subject MIDDLE STONE-AGE en
dc.subject NORTHERN AUSTRALIA en
dc.subject SEDIMENTS en
dc.subject VARIABILITY en
dc.subject OSL en
dc.subject optically stimulated luminescence en
dc.subject BLOMBOS CAVE en
dc.subject Middle Stone Age en
dc.subject MULTIPLE GRAINS en
dc.title Equivalent dose distributions from single grains of quartz at Sibudu, South Africa: context, causes and consequences for optical dating of archaeological deposits en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2007.11.027
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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