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dc.contributor.author Abrahams, Peter W.
dc.contributor.author Entwistle, Jane A.
dc.contributor.author Dodgshon, Robert
dc.date.accessioned 2011-02-14T12:40:18Z
dc.date.available 2011-02-14T12:40:18Z
dc.date.issued 2010-09-01
dc.identifier.citation Abrahams , P W , Entwistle , J A & Dodgshon , R 2010 , ' The Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project: Simultaneous Multi-element Analysis of Former Settlement and Arable Soils by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry ' Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory , vol 17 , no. 3 , pp. 231-248 . , 10.1007/s10816-010-9086-8 en
dc.identifier.issn 1072-5369
dc.identifier.other PURE: 157318
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/6116
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/6116
dc.description Abrahams, P.W., Entwistle, J.A., Dodgshon, R.A. (2010). The Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project: Simultaneous Multi-element Analysis of Former Settlement and Arable Soils by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 17(3); 231-248. en
dc.description.abstract X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRFS) was used in the analysis of A horizon soil samples collected from a former farming settlement and its associated area of infield (i.e. arable) located in the Central Highlands of Scotland. To date, XRFS has not been extensively used in geoarchaeological research, but in our study the simultaneous multi-element capabilities of this instrumental technique allowed the total concentrations of 25 major, minor, and trace elements to be fully quantified with acceptable levels of accuracy and precision. Included within this group of chemical elements are a number (e.g. Ba, Ca, P, Pb, Sr and Zn) that have proved to be of value to archaeological interpretation in earlier investigations undertaken in Scotland. In our preliminary work documented here, significant differences were found between the A horizon soils of former settlement and infield areas for 18 chemical elements. Subjecting the XRFS data-and three other measured variables: soil organic carbon (SOC), pH and A horizon depth-to discriminant analysis indicates that soils of former settlement and arable farming can be effectively classified according to their pH, SOC content and Ca, Cu, Mg, Rb, and Zn concentrations. The inference is that areas of former infield and settlement elsewhere at this study location in the Central Highlands may be able to be identified according to their soil chemical composition and use of discriminant function, even though the surface remains of pre-eighteenth century settlement sites are not readily evident today because they were constructed of perishable materials. en
dc.format.extent 18 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory en
dc.subject Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project en
dc.subject Discriminant analysis en
dc.subject Simultaneous multi-element soil analysis en
dc.subject X-ray fluorescence spectrometry en
dc.title The Ben Lawers Historic Landscape Project: Simultaneous Multi-element Analysis of Former Settlement and Arable Soils by X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10816-010-9086-8
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Other IGES Research en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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