Show simple item record Barham, Lawrence Phillips, William M. Maher, Barbara A. Karloukovski, Vassil Duller, Geoffrey A. T. Jain, Mayank Wintle, Ann G. 2011-04-27T14:40:13Z 2011-04-27T14:40:13Z 2011-05
dc.identifier.citation Barham , L , Phillips , W M , Maher , B A , Karloukovski , V , Duller , G A T , Jain , M & Wintle , A G 2011 , ' The dating and interpretation of a Mode 1 site in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia ' Journal of Human Evolution , vol 60 , no. 5 , pp. 549-570 . DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2010.12.003 en
dc.identifier.issn 0047-2484
dc.identifier.other PURE: 159154
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: c5878c08-111f-44ac-94d9-89db03ee69c1
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/6697
dc.identifier.other DSpace_20121128.csv: row: 4005
dc.identifier.other RAD: 5855
dc.identifier.other RAD_Outputs_All_ID_Import_20121105.csv: row: 2511
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/7644
dc.identifier.other DSpace_20121128.csv: row: 4515
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000290073500003
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 79953048821
dc.description Lawrence Barham, William M. Phillips, Barbara A. Maher, Vassil Karloukovski, Geoff A.T. Duller, Mayank Jain, Ann G. Wintle (2011). The dating and interpretation of a Mode 1 site in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. Journal of Human Evolution, 60, 5, 549-570. Sponsorship: AHRC, NERC en
dc.description.abstract Flake based assemblages (Mode 1) comprise the earliest stone technologies known, with well-dated Oldowan sites occurring in eastern Africa between similar to 2.6-1.7 Ma, and in less securely dated contexts in central, southern and northern Africa. Our understanding of the spread and local development of this technology outside East Africa remains hampered by the lack of reliable numerical dating techniques applicable to non-volcanic deposits. This study applied the still relatively new technique of cosmogenic nuclide burial dating ((10)Be/(26)Al) to calculate burial ages for fluvial gravels containing Mode 1 artefacts in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The Manzi River, a tributary of the Luangwa River, has exposed a 4.7 m deep section of fluvial sands with discontinuous but stratified gravel layers bearing Mode 1, possibly Oldowan, artefacts in the basal layers. An unconformity divides the Manzi section, separating Mode 1 deposits from overlying gravels containing Mode 3 (Middle Stone Age) artefacts. No diagnostic Mode 2 (Acheulean) artefacts were found. Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating was attempted for the basal gravels as well as exposure ages for the upper Mode 3 gravels, but was unsuccessful. The complex depositional history of the site prevented the calculation of reliable age models. A relative chronology for the full Manzi sequence was constructed, however, from the magnetostratigraphy of the deposit (N>R>N sequence). Isothermal thermoluminescence (ITL) dating of the upper Mode 3 layers also provided consistent results (similar to 78 ka). A coarse but chronologically coherent sequence now exists for the Manzi section with the unconformity separating probable mid- or early Pleistocene deposits below from late Pleistocene deposits above. The results suggest Mode 1 technology in the Luangwa Valley may post-date the Oldowan in eastern and southern Africa. The dating programme has contributed to a clearer understanding of the geomorphological processes that have shaped the valley and structured its archaeological record. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 22 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Human Evolution en
dc.rights en
dc.subject Cosmogenic nuclide dating en
dc.subject KENYA en
dc.subject HOMINID en
dc.subject BE-10 en
dc.subject Palaeomagnetism en
dc.subject Isothermal thermoluminescence en
dc.subject QUARTZ en
dc.subject ISOTHERMAL TL en
dc.subject SOUTH-AFRICA en
dc.subject AL-26 en
dc.subject South-central Africa en
dc.title The dating and interpretation of a Mode 1 site in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia en
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.contributor.institution Department of Geography and Earth Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en

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