Condemned to metallum? The origin and role of 4th–6th century A.D. Phaeno mining campresidents using multiple chemical techniques

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dc.contributor.author Perry, Megan A.
dc.contributor.author Coleman, Drew S.
dc.contributor.author Dettman, David L.
dc.contributor.author Grattan, John
dc.contributor.author al-Shiyab, Abdel Halim
dc.date.accessioned 2011-05-03T16:03:01Z
dc.date.available 2011-05-03T16:03:01Z
dc.date.issued 2011-03
dc.identifier.citation Perry , M A , Coleman , D S , Dettman , D L , Grattan , J & al-Shiyab , A H 2011 , ' Condemned to metallum? The origin and role of 4th–6th century A.D. Phaeno mining campresidents using multiple chemical techniques ' Journal of Archaeological Science , vol 38 , no. 3 , pp. 558-569 . , 10.1016/j.jas.2010.10.010 en
dc.identifier.issn 0305-4403
dc.identifier.other PURE: 159221
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/6702
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/6702
dc.description Megan A. Perry, Drew S. Coleman, David L. Dettman, John P. Grattan, Abdel Halim al-Shiyab (2011). Condemned to metallum? The origin and role of 4th–6th century A.D. Phaeno mining campresidents using multiple chemical techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38 (3), 558-569 Sponsorship: East Carolina University CRA Award an/ American Center of Oriental Research (Amman) CAORC Senior Fellowship. en
dc.description.abstract The Byzantine period (4th–7th centuries A.D.) site of Khirbet Faynan (Phaeno) was a state-run mining camp described in ancient sources as a destination for Christian martyrs and others prosecuted by the administration who were condemned to the mines (damnatio ad metallum). However, other evidence suggests that Phaeno had a much broader role and population in antiquity than that described by ancient writers. Here, strontium and oxygen isotope data on the level of migration into Phaeno were compared with elemental data on lead and copper skeletal levels to illuminate the varied exposure of local vs. non-local individuals to contaminated environments (presumably from working in mining and smelting operations). Dental enamel 87Sr/86Sr and δ18O data from 31 individuals excavated from the Southern Cemetery identified one individual born in a region with different strontium isotope values in the bedrock yet similar oxygen isotope signatures as Faynan. Most of the primarily locally-derived Faynan residents displayed skeletal copper and lead levels exceeding those seen in comparative samples, confirming that growing up and residing in the polluted environment of Faynan led to notable bioaccumulation of heavy metals and its resulting health effects. In addition, ten individuals had extremely elevated lead and copper levels in their skeleton resulting from more intensive exposure to contaminated environments, possibly through smelting and mining activities. These data confirm the relatively localized nature of this imperial operation and that this predominantly locally-derived population had different activities that put them ask varied risk for contamination by heavy metals. en
dc.format.extent 12 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Archaeological Science en
dc.title Condemned to metallum? The origin and role of 4th–6th century A.D. Phaeno mining campresidents using multiple chemical techniques en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2010.10.010
dc.contributor.institution Registry en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.contributor.institution Quaternary Environmental Change Group en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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