Show simple item record Wyn-Jones, A. Peter Carducci, Annalaura Cook, Nigel D'Agostino, Martin Divizia, Maurizio Fleischer, Jens Gantzer, Christophe Gawler, Andrew Girones, Rosina Höller, Christiane de Roda Husman, Ana-Maria Kay, David Kozyra, Iwona López-Pila, Juan Muscillo, Michele Nascimento, Maria S. J. Papageorgiou, George Rutjes, Saskia Sellwood, Jane Szewzyk, Regine Wyer, Mark David 2011-05-20T10:22:49Z 2011-05-20T10:22:49Z 2011-01
dc.identifier.citation Wyn-Jones , A P , Carducci , A , Cook , N , D'Agostino , M , Divizia , M , Fleischer , J , Gantzer , C , Gawler , A , Girones , R , Höller , C , de Roda Husman , A-M , Kay , D , Kozyra , I , López-Pila , J , Muscillo , M , Nascimento , M S J , Papageorgiou , G , Rutjes , S , Sellwood , J , Szewzyk , R & Wyer , M D 2011 , ' Surveillance of adenoviruses and noroviruses in European recreational waters ' Water Research# , vol 45 , no. 3 , pp. 1025-1038 . , 10.1016/j.watres.2010.10.015 en
dc.identifier.issn 0043-1354
dc.identifier.other PURE: 161196
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/6782
dc.description Wyn-Jones, A. P., Carducci, A., Cook, N., D'Agostino, M., Divizia, M., Fleischer, J., Gantzer, C., Gawler, A., Girones, R., Höller, C., de Roda Husman, A. M. et al (2011). Surveillance of adenoviruses and noroviruses in European recreational waters. Water Research, 45(3), 1025-1038. Sponsorship: EU contract number 513648 VIROBATHE, as part of the Sixth Framework Programme en
dc.description.abstract Exposure to human pathogenic viruses in recreational waters has been shown to cause disease outbreaks. In the context of Article 14 of the revised European Bathing Waters Directive 2006/7/EC (rBWD, CEU, 2006) a Europe-wide surveillance study was carried out to determine the frequency of occurrence of two human enteric viruses in recreational waters. Adenoviruses were selected based on their near-universal shedding and environmental survival, and noroviruses (NoV) selected as being the most prevalent gastroenteritis agent worldwide. Concentration of marine and freshwater samples was done by adsorption/elution followed by molecular detection by (RT)-PCR. Out of 1410 samples, 553 (39.2%) were positive for one or more of the target viruses. Adenoviruses, detected in 36.4% of samples, were more prevalent than noroviruses (9.4%), with 3.5% GI and 6.2% GII, some samples being positive for both GI and GII. Of 513 human adenovirus-positive samples, 63 (12.3%) were also norovirus-positive, whereas 69 (7.7%) norovirus-positive samples were adenovirus-negative. More freshwater samples than marine water samples were virus-positive. Out of a small selection of samples tested for adenovirus infectivity, approximately one-quarter were positive. Sixty percent of 132 nested-PCR adenovirus-positive samples analysed by quantitative PCR gave a mean value of over 3000 genome copies per L of water. The simultaneous detection of infectious adenovirus and of adenovirus and NoV by (RT)PCR suggests that the presence of infectious viruses in recreational waters may constitute a public health risk upon exposure. These studies support the case for considering adenoviruses as an indicator of bathing water quality. en
dc.format.extent 14 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Water Research# en
dc.subject adenoviruses en
dc.subject noroviruses en
dc.subject bathing water en
dc.subject river water en
dc.subject sea water en
dc.subject recreational water en
dc.subject water quality en
dc.title Surveillance of adenoviruses and noroviruses in European recreational waters en
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article en
dc.contributor.institution River Basin Dynamics and Hydrology en
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en

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