Show simple item record CS en_US F en_US R en_US Z en_US C en_US GAT en_US N en_US JC en_US H en_US C. W. en_US AG en_US 2011-09-13T11:11:02Z 2011-09-13T11:11:02Z 2002-02-15 en_US
dc.identifier en_US
dc.identifier.citation Henshilwood , C S , d'Errico , F , Yates , R , Jacobs , Z , Tribolo , C , Duller , G A T , Mercier , N , Sealy , J C , Valladas , H , Watts , C W & Wintle , A G 2002 , ' Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa ' Science , vol 295 , no. 5558 , pp. 1278-1280 . , 10.1126/science.1067575 en_US
dc.identifier.other PURE: 170756 en_US
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/7575 en_US
dc.description.abstract In the Eurasian Upper Paleotithic after about 35,000 years ago, abstract or depictional images provide evidence for cognitive abilities considered integral to modern human behavior. Here we report on two abstract representations engraved on pieces of red ochre recovered from the Middle Stone Age layers at Blombos Cave in South Africa. A mean date of 77,000 years was obtained for the layers containing the engraved ochres by thermoluminescence dating of burnt lithics, and the stratigraphic integrity was confirmed by an optically stimulated luminescence age of 70,000 years on an overlying dune. These engravings support the emergence of modern human behavior in Africa at least 35,000 years before the start of the Upper Paleolithic. en_US
dc.format.extent 3 en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Science en_US
dc.subject LUMINESCENCE en_US
dc.title Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Institute of Geography & Earth Sciences en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Quaternary Environmental Change Group en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Cadair

Advanced Search