New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops for combustion in Northern Europe and the UK

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dc.contributor.author Robbins, M. P.
dc.contributor.author Evans, G.
dc.contributor.author Valentine, J.
dc.contributor.author Donnison, I. S.
dc.contributor.author Allison, G. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-18T09:45:46Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-18T09:45:46Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04
dc.identifier.citation Robbins , M P , Evans , G , Valentine , J , Donnison , I S & Allison , G G 2012 , ' New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops for combustion in Northern Europe and the UK ' Progress in Energy and Combustion Science , vol 38 , no. 2 , pp. 138-155 . , 10.1016/j.pecs.2011.08.001 en
dc.identifier.other PURE: 174984
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/7747
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/7747
dc.description Robbins, M. P., Evans, G., Valentine, J., Donnison, I. S., Allison, G. G. (2012). New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops for combustion in Northern Europe and the UK. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Elsevier, 38, (2), 138-155. RONO: 03134;06339 en
dc.description.abstract Currently, significant academic and industrial activity is focused on sourcing feed stocks from non-food biomass crops for the sustainable production of energy, power and chemical products. Crops identified as suitable for Northern Europe include Miscanthus, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) and short rotation coppice willow and poplar (Salix and Populus spp.). All of these crops provide biomass that is amenable for conversion by thermochemical processes i.e. those based on heat and pressure. There are concerns that for some processes the conversion efficiency of biomass is poor compared with coal and oil due to comparatively low energy density, high moisture content, and poor storage and handling properties. Many of these parameters can be improved by pre-processing feed stock materials prior to their conversion. We examine the energy crop species that are suitable for Northern Europe; discuss the processes of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis, and explore how differences in chemical composition influence conversion efficiency. Finally, we review biomass upgrading (pelletisation, torrefaction and treatment with sub-critical (hydrothermal upgrading) and with supercritical water). en
dc.format.extent 18 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Progress in Energy and Combustion Science en
dc.subject Thermochemical conversion en
dc.subject biomass crops en
dc.subject biomass preprocessing en
dc.subject feedstock matching en
dc.subject feedstock composition en
dc.title New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops for combustion in Northern Europe and the UK en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2011.08.001
dc.contributor.institution Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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