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dc.contributor.author M. P. en_US
dc.contributor.author G. en_US
dc.contributor.author J. en_US
dc.contributor.author I. S. en_US
dc.contributor.author G. G. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-18T09:45:46Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-18T09:45:46Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04-01 en_US
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pecs.2011.08.001 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Robbins , M P , Evans , G , Valentine , J , Donnison , I S & Allison , G G 2012 , ' New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops by thermochemical conversion in Northern Europe and the UK ' Progress in Energy and Combustion Science , vol 38 , no. 2 , pp. 138-155 . , 10.1016/j.pecs.2011.08.001 en_US
dc.identifier.other PURE: 174984 en_US
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/7747 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/7747
dc.description.abstract Currently, significant academic and industrial activity is focused on sourcing feed stocks from non-food biomass crops for the sustainable production of energy, power and chemical products. Crops identified as suitable for Northern Europe include Miscanthus, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) and short rotation coppice willow and poplar (Salix and Populus spp.). All of these crops provide biomass that is amenable for conversion by thermochemical processes i.e. those based on heat and pressure. There are concerns that for some processes the conversion efficiency of biomass is poor compared with coal and oil due to comparatively low energy density, high moisture content, and poor storage and handling properties. Many of these parameters can be improved by pre-processing feed stock materials prior to their conversion. We examine the energy crop species that are suitable for Northern Europe; discuss the processes of combustion, gasification and pyrolysis, and explore how differences in chemical composition influence conversion efficiency. Finally, we review biomass upgrading (pelletisation, torrefaction and treatment with sub-critical (hydrothermal upgrading) and with supercritical water). en_US
dc.format.extent 18 en_US
dc.relation.ispartof Progress in Energy and Combustion Science en_US
dc.subject Thermochemical conversion en_US
dc.subject biomass crops en_US
dc.subject biomass preprocessing en_US
dc.subject feedstock matching en_US
dc.subject feedstock composition en_US
dc.title New opportunities for the exploitation of energy crops by thermochemical conversion in Northern Europe and the UK en_US
dc.contributor.pbl Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en_US


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