Conserving energy in smallholder agriculture: A multi-objective programming case study of northwest India

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dc.contributor.author Thankappan, S.
dc.contributor.author Jenkins, T.
dc.contributor.author Midmore, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-10T11:53:13Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-10T11:53:13Z
dc.date.issued 2008-11-10
dc.identifier.citation Thankappan , S , Jenkins , T & Midmore , P 2008 , ' Conserving energy in smallholder agriculture: A multi-objective programming case study of northwest India ' ' , pp. 190-208 . en
dc.identifier.other PURE: 91563
dc.identifier.other dspace: 2160/985
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/985
dc.description Midmore, Peter, Thankappan, S., Jenkins, T., 'Conserving energy in smallholder agriculture: A multi-objective programming case study of northwest India', Ecological Economics (2006) 56(2) pp.190-208 en
dc.description.abstract In semi-arid conditions in Northwest India, smallholder agriculture has made increasing use of subsidised mechanisation and energy inputs to reduce short-term risks. However, detrimental environmental consequences have occurred, not least a rapidly falling water table, and energy-intensive production is threatened by the prospect of increasing scarcity and expense of energy supplies, especially as urban demands are forecast to grow rapidly. This paper describes the energy flows through four subsystems of smallholder agricultural villages: the crop system; non-crop land uses; livestock systems; and households. It employs a multi-objective programming model to demonstrate choices available for maximands either of net solar energy capture or financial surpluses. Applied to three villages selected to represent major settlement types in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat, the results demonstrate that both energy conservation and financial performance can be improved. Although these results need qualifying because of the reductionist, linear character of the model used, they do provide important insights into the cultural role of mechanisation and the influence of traditional agricultural practices. They also underline the need for local energy conservation strategies as part of an overall approach to improved self-determination in progress towards rural sustainability. en
dc.format.extent 19 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof ' en
dc.title Conserving energy in smallholder agriculture: A multi-objective programming case study of northwest India en
dc.type Text en
dc.type.publicationtype Article (Journal) en
dc.contributor.institution School of Management & Business en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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