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dc.contributor.author Donnison, Iain
dc.contributor.author Fraser, Mariecia
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-16T23:01:35Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-16T23:01:35Z
dc.date.issued 2016-05-18
dc.identifier.citation Donnison , I & Fraser , M 2016 , ' Diversification and use of bioenergy to maintain future grasslands ' Food and Energy Security , vol. 5 , no. 2 , pp. 67-75 . https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.75 en
dc.identifier.issn 2048-3694
dc.identifier.other PURE: 7364994
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 31a5bd26-6ede-43d7-9bb4-1d13784f7795
dc.identifier.other PubMed: 27610234
dc.identifier.other PubMedCentral: PMC4998134
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85008625983
dc.identifier.other handle.net: 2160/30721
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-3999-1270/work/61835892
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/30721
dc.description.abstract Grassland agriculture is experiencing a number of threats including declining profitability and loss of area to other land uses including expansion of the built environment as well as from cropland and forestry. The use of grassland as a natural resource either in terms of existing vegetation and land cover or planting of new species for bioenergy and other nonfood applications presents an opportunity, and potential solution, to maintain the broader ecosystem services that perennial grasslands provide as well as to improve the options for grassland farmers and their communities. This paper brings together different grass or grassland-based studies and considers them as part of a continuum of strategies that, when also combined with improvements in grassland production systems, will improve the overall efficiency of grasslands as an important natural resource and enable a greater area to be managed, replanted or conserved. These diversification options relate to those most likely to be available to farmers and land owners in the marginally economic or uneconomic grasslands of middle to northern Europe and specifically in the UK. Grasslands represent the predominant global land use and so these strategies are likely to be relevant to other areas although the grass species used may vary. The options covered include the use of biomass derived from the management of grasses in the urban and semi urban environment, semi-natural grassland systems as part of ecosystem management, pasture in addition to livestock production, and the planting and cropping of dedicated energy grasses. The adoption of such approaches would not only increase income from economically marginal grasslands, but would also mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from livestock production and help fund conservation of these valuable grassland ecosystems and landscapes, which is increasingly becoming a challenge. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Food and Energy Security en
dc.rights en
dc.subject bioenergy en
dc.subject biorefining en
dc.subject conservation en
dc.subject grasslands en
dc.subject Miscanthus en
dc.subject pasture en
dc.title Diversification and use of bioenergy to maintain future grasslands en
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article en
dc.description.version publishersversion en
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1002/fes3.75
dc.contributor.institution Department of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en


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