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dc.contributor.author Royles, Elin
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-16T11:42:06Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-16T11:42:06Z
dc.date.issued 2017-05-16
dc.identifier.citation Royles , E 2017 , ' Sub-state diplomacy: understanding the international opportunity structures ' Regional and Federal Studies , vol. 27 , no. 4 , pp. 393-416 . https://doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2017.1324851 en
dc.identifier.issn 1359-7566
dc.identifier.other PURE: 11196030
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: aa212f80-1a34-4e82-b5de-41b746d4a541
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85019219559
dc.identifier.other handle.net: 2160/45284
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2160/45284
dc.description.abstract Developing explanations for how sub-state governments are active internationally is central to understanding their unexpected growth as international actors. Building upon Lecours’ work [2002, Paradiplomacy: reflections on the foreign policy and international relations of regions, International Negotiation, Vol.7, pp.91–114], this article develops an expanded historical institutionalist analysis of the international agency of sub-state governments. Its original empirical contribution is utilizing this approach to examine within case variation across four contrasting policy domains in a case study of Wales. Reflecting the European Union sub-state mobilization literature, levels of constitutional powers are constrained in their capacity to account for Welsh sub-state international agency. Instead, the article highlights strong variation in the opportunity structures shaping sub-state diplomacy across policy domains. The article argues that institutional continuity and change, the prevalence of ‘path dependence’, can differ significantly between policy domains in sub-state diplomacy, argues for an expanded multi-level framework recognizing the impact of non-governmental organizations and international institutional opportunity structures and confirms historical institutionalism’s ability to enrich understanding of agency-structure relationships en
dc.format.extent 24 en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Regional and Federal Studies en
dc.rights en
dc.subject sub-state diplomacy en
dc.subject constitutional autonomy en
dc.subject historical institutionalism en
dc.subject devolved UK en
dc.subject Wales en
dc.title Sub-state diplomacy: understanding the international opportunity structures en
dc.type /dk/atira/pure/researchoutput/researchoutputtypes/contributiontojournal/article en
dc.description.version authorsversion en
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1080/13597566.2017.1324851
dc.contributor.institution Department of International Politics en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.date.embargoedUntil 01-11-20


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